Piezo Bender Actuators

The BA family of bender actuators are piezoelectric bimorph actuators poled in the parallel configuration. An insulated resin coating is applied to the external surfaces to protect the actuator and to eliminate electrical faults. The actuators can be wired in a three-wire or two-wire configuration as illustrated below.

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BA6020 Piezo Bimorph BA Series Bender Actuators

Specifications

Order
Code
Deflection Force Dimensions Thickness Free
Length
Voltage AC
Voltage
Cap.
[1]
Stiffness Res.
Freq.
Mass $USD Buy
Now
BA3502 0.7 mm 0.08 N 35 x 2.5 mm 0.8 mm 28 mm +150 V +/-90 V 20nF 220 N/m 230Hz 0.3 g $5 Buy Now
BA4902 1.3 mm 0.07 N 49 x 2.1 mm 0.8 mm 42 mm +150 V +/-90 V 28nF 100 N/m 140Hz 0.4 g $6 Buy Now
BA4010 1.1 mm 0.18 N 40 x 10 mm 0.8 mm 33 mm +150 V +/-90 V 100nF 327 N/m 250Hz 1.7 g $16 Buy Now
BA5010 1.5 mm 0.3 N 50 x 10 mm 0.8 mm 43 mm +150 V +/-90 V 125nF 400 N/m 200Hz 2.1 g $18 Buy Now
BA6020 2.6 mm 0.3 N 60 x 20 mm 0.8 mm 53 mm +150 V +/-90 V 300nF 230 N/m 60Hz 5 g $34 Buy Now

Notes:

  1. Capacitance of both sides in parallel. This value should be used for calculating the required current in the three-wire or parallel configuration. Tolerance is +/-30%

Electrical Connection

The recommended methods for driving the BA series benders are illustrated below. These recommendations apply to any parallel-poled two-layer bender actuator rated for 150V.

Drive methods for piezo bender actuators

The three-wire method (biased unipolar drive method [1]) only requires positive voltages and results in positive electric field across both piezo layers. The maximum downward deflection \(\delta=\delta_{pp}/2\) is achieved when \(V_{mid}=150\), and the maximum upward deflection \(\delta=-\delta_{pp}/2\) is achieved when \(V_{mid}=0\). The advantage of this method is that only one supply polarity is required. The disadvantages include the constant DC electric field that can attract contamination and eventually create a path for leakage current, and the top electrode is connected to high voltage, which may not be optimal for safety in some applications. Suitable amplifier modules include the BD150 and MX200 (in 150V configuration). Fully enclosed amplifiers include the PD200-V0,150 for general purpose applications, or the PD32-V0,140 for up to 32 channels.

The two-wire method (bipolar drive method [1]) requires two supplies and results in both positive and negative electric fields across the piezo layers.  The maximum deflection and force is slightly higher due to the larger voltage swing compared the biased unipolar method. The maximum downward deflection is achieved when \(V_{mid}=90\) and the maximum upward deflection is achieved when \(V_{mid}=-90\). The advantages include: both external electrodes can be grounded, and there there is zero elongation and electric field at rest. Some amplifiers such at the PDm200, PD200-V100,100, and PD32-V95,95 will naturally produce a +/-90V output; however, if the connection to ground is not required, a single-supply amplifier can also be used. The PDu100, PDu100B, and BD150 are designed for applications where the ground connection is not required.

The two-wire bipolar drive is recommended for most applications. To maximize lifetime, the maximum DC voltage can be limited to +/-75V, which provides the same deflection as the three-wire configuration with a +150V bias voltage. If the ground connection is not essential, the PDu100 and PDu100B are good starting choices for low-frequency applications, where noise is not a concern. Higher current and speed can be achieved with a BD150 or MX200 driver. Grounded external electrodes can be used with the PDm200, PD200-V100,100, or PD32-V95,95.

Wires can be attached using conductive epoxy (Circuitworks CW2400) or standard solder and Rosin flux. After flux application, a one second contact with a 300C iron is recommended. The positive terminal is indicated by a red stripe.

Mounting

Bimorph actuators can be mounted with a soft clamp or bonded to a base using an adhesive such as Araldite. The longest life time is achieved when soft materials such as rubber are used at the clamping surface. The recommended clamping length is 2mm for for the BA3502 and 5mm for other sizes.

Lifetime

The expected lifetime for a 10% failure rate is 500,000 cycles with full-range deflection. The load force and deflection must be kept within specifications.

Electrical Current Requirements

Power Bandwidth Calculator

The required current is \( I = C \frac{dV}{dt} \) where \( I \) is the current, \( C \) is the effective capacitance, and \( dV/dt \) is the voltage rate of change. For a sine-wave, the required peak current is equal to: $$ I_p = \pi C f  V_{p-p} $$ where \( V_{p-p} \) is the peak-to-peak voltage. For a triangle wave, the required peak current is equal to: $$ I_p = 2 C f V_{p-p} $$

Options / OEM Customization

  • Custom range and dimensions
  • Custom wiring arrangement / connectors

References

[1] A New Electrical Configuration for Improving the Range of Piezoelectric Bimorph Benders; S. A. Rios, A. J. Fleming; Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 2015.